The United States Government has indicted Nigerian security agents, including the Department of State Services (DSS) and the Nigerian Army, saying it has evidence they intimidated voters, officials of the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) and election observers during the 2019 general elections.
This was contained in the 2019 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices in Nigeria released by the US Department of State on Wednesday, a copy of which was obtained by CHECKPOINTCHARLEY on Saturday.
The US said such led to the conclusion in many quarters that the Nigerian Army worked for the success of the ruling All Progressives Congress (APC).
The US further stated that the Nigerian judiciary has been compromised as it is susceptible to intimidation by the executive and the legislative arms of government.
It added that the corruption in the judiciary made it impossible for that important branch of government in a democracy to function independently.
The 44-page report read partly, “During the year (2019) INEC conducted the presidential election, National Assembly elections, state House Assembly elections, and local elections in all 36 states plus the FCT, as well as governorship elections in 30 states.
“There was evidence military and security services intimidated voters, electoral officials and election observers. In addition violence in several states contributed to lower voter participation and added to the sentiment the army is a tool of the ruling party in many parts of the country, particularly in the South.
“For example, widespread violence and military involvement in electoral processes, including during the vote collation process, significantly scarred the governorship election in Rivers State. Additionally several of INEC’s resident electoral commissioners reported DSS operatives intimidated them when the RECs attempted to protect voting materials. Some RECs reported security service personnel visited them multiple times prior to the elections.
“There were reports that corruption, including vote-buying, were historically high during the 2018-19 electoral season. Examples of vote-buying were apparent in the re-run of the Osun (State) gubernatorial election in September 2018, and during the Kano (State) gubernatorial election on March 9 (2019).
“Although the constitution and law provide for an independent judiciary, the judicial branch remained susceptible to pressure from the executive and legislative branches. Political leaders influenced the judiciary, particularly at the state and local levels.
“Understaffing, underfunding, inefficiency, and corruption prevented the judiciary from functioning adequately. There are no continuing education requirements for attorneys, and police officers were often assigned to serve as prosecutors. Judges frequently failed to appear for trials. In addition, the salaries of court officials were low, and they often lacked proper equipment and training.”
On the judiciary, the report further said, “There was a widespread public perception that judges were easily bribed and litigants could not rely on the courts to render impartial judgments.
“The constitution and law provide for an independent judiciary in civil matters, but the executive and legislative branches, as well as business interests, exerted influence and pressure in civil cases. Official corruption and lack of will to implement court decisions also interfered with due process.”
The report also touched on the high rate of human rights abuse perpetuated by security agents against journalists, rights groups and the Islamic Movement of Nigeria.
It accused the Buhari government of not takeing action against any of the military officials that killed over 300 Shiites in 2015.
Governor Nasir el-Rufai of Kaduna State had set up a panel of inquiry on the matter and the panel had also called for the proscription of the IMN which was done. However, the aspect of the report that indicted military officers had not been implemented, it stated.
“As of September (2019) there were no reports of the Federal Government further investigating or holding individuals accountable for the 2015 killing and subsequent mass burial of members of a Shia political organisation, the Islamic Movement of Nigeria, and other civilians by Nigerian Army forces in Zaria, Kaduna State.
“A 2016 report by the government of Kaduna State included acceptance of the commission’s recommendation to investigate and prosecute allegations of excessive and disproportionate use of force by the Nigerian Army. As of September, there was no indication that authorities had held any members of the NA accountable for the events in Zaria,” the report added.
The opposition parties had accused the ruling APC of using security agencies to rig the 2019 general elections. The APC had denied the allegations, calling the opposition bad losers.
But the APC had yet to respond to this latest indictment as at the time of filing this report.
Recall that President Buhari had close to the election controversially removed the Chief Justice of the Federation, Walter Onnoghen, replacing him with Muhammadu Tanko.